Lindsey Lohan, GTA 5’s Red Bikini Girl, and the First Amendment

March 17, 2016

Quick trivia question to get us started: What do Lindsey Lohan, former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega, and the rock band No Doubt all have in common?

A) They have all portrayed Elizabeth Taylor in a made-for-TV movie
B) They have all served time in federal prison for racketeering charges
C) They have all sued video game publishers over the use of their likeness
D) They have all recorded hit songs centered on the theme of spiderwebs

If you answered C, you would be correct (although there’s still time for Noriega and Lohan to drop their own covers of “Spiderwebs“).

No Doubt’s lawsuit was successful and Noriega’s was not, for reasons we’ll get into below. Lohan’s case is still in the early stages, however, although her odds for success appear less than great. The actress and singer, who starred in The Parent Trap, Freaky Friday, and Mean Girls, but then encountered years of legal and personal trouble related to drug and alcohol use, sued Take-Two, the parent company of Rockstar Games, for unlawfully using her image in the massively successful Grand Theft Auto 5 video game (a multi-billion dollar release which has sold 60 million copies at last count). Just this week, a  New York Supreme Court judged ruled that Lohan’s case against Take-Two could go forward.

Notably, unlike the Noriega and No Doubt cases in which the video games at issue unambiguously portrayed the plaintiffs, the GTA 5 game never specifically references Lohan, and she instead claims that two animated characters resemble her. Which brings us to the question – what legal precedents are there for use of a celebrity likeness in a creative work?

The Mysterious Case of the “Red Bikini Girl”

Lohan’s lawsuit against Take-Two centers on two GTA 5 characters: 1) Lacey Jonas, a “young starlet” who must be rescued from paparazzi in one of the game’s missions; and 2) the so-called “Red Bikini Girl” – a young woman wearing a red bikini while holding up a phone to take a “selfie” – which was used prominently in the marketing of the game (Lohan’s lawyers offered a similar photo of Lohan to argue the point).

Lohan argues that the use of the Jonas character and the Red Bikini Girl give rise to a right of publicity claim under Section 51 of the New York Civil Rights Law. That New York state law says that a plaintiff may pursue damages when his or her likeness or identity – which can be through “any recognizable likeness” of a person’s name, portrait, picture and voice – is used for marketing or trade purposes without written consent.

In 1984, a New York state court found that Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis could bring a successful Section 51 claim against the fashion designer Christian Dior for hiring actress and Kennedy-lookalike Barbara Reynolds to impersonate the former first lady in fashion ads (see the resemblance here). What makes Lohan’s claims against Take-Two different from that case and other similar cases is that the Jonas character does not claim to be Lohan, and nowhere in the game’s marketing materials is there an explicit reference to the actress. Instead Lohan argues that, because the Jonas character looks like her and has a history of problems and run-ins with paparazzi, and that separately the Red Bikini Girl seems to be based on her photo, Take-Two is nonetheless liable for violating Section 51 and that some of those GTA 5 billions should go to her.

Lohan’s argument is an aggressive one, given the lack of specific references to Lohan  – not to mention the First Amendment issues we will discuss below – and at this point the judge has not ruled on the merits of her argument, and instead only ruled that her case is not barred by New York’s statute of limitations. Before we return to the potential merits of Lohan’s arguments, let’s take a look at how her fellow plaintiffs Noriega and No Doubt did in arguing their cases.

The Military Dictator Who Can’t Get No Respect

For those too young to remember America’s adventures in Panama in 1989 , Manuel Noriega was infamous in the 1980’s for being the military dictator of Panama and for facilitating drug trafficking and money laundering for the Medellin Cartel. After President Bush the senior launched an invasion into Panama in 1989, Noriega was captured by US forces (in an operation involving blaring rock music at his hideout, including, fittingly, Van Halen’s “Panama“), tried in the US on federal drug and racketeering charges, and sentenced to 40 years prison for life, before facing additional charges in Panama. All of which might lead you to conclude he’s got better things to worry about than how he is portrayed in a video game, but you’d be wrong.

Noriega sued Activision, makers of the Call of Duty franchise, in California state court in 2014 for using his likeness in the game Call of Duty: Black Ops 2, arguing that, among other things, the company had violated California’s Civil Code 3344, which, like New York’s Civil Rule 51, protects plaintiffs from the unauthorized commercial use of their name, voice, signature, or likeness. One big difference between the Lohan and the Noriega case is that the Call of Duty game specifically references Noriega as the character. Noriega’s complaint argued that the game cast him in a poor light as it presented him as a “kidnapper, murderer, and enemy of the state,” and that various characters referred to his character (the game included up to 45 historical characters) as an “ass****”, “piece of ****” and, borrowing a phrase actually used against the dictator by his countrymen, “old pineapple-face.

The judge dismissed Noriega’s lawsuit on the grounds that there appeared to be no way for Noriega to overcome Activision’s First Amendment argument that it was entitled to use Noriega’s image on the basis of the legal concept of “transformative use.” What transformative use means is that a defendant may use a celebrity likeness for commercial gain if it has been “so transformed that it has become primarily the defendant’s own expression rather than the celebrity’s likeness.”  The court relied on past California state cases in ruling that the use of “lampoon, parody, or caricature” would likely point to transformative use, as well as where the use of the celebrity likeness is part of a larger story. In sum, what the court was saying here was that, if you simply drop the likeness of a celebrity in your commercial work, you may be liable for violating a privacy right, but if the likeness is “transformed” through the defendant’s work to create something new, then the plaintiff will have no cause of action. In finding that there was a transformative use of Noriega’s likeness, and thus no cause of action, the court noted that the Noriega character was one of 45 characters who appeared in only two of the games 11 missions, and that Activision spent $100 million over two years and enlisted 250 professionals in creating the game.

No Doubt’s Win on No Transformative Use

The band No Doubt succeeded where Noriega later failed in arguing that Activision improperly used its likeness in the 2009 game Band Hero, and a California court ruled that Activision could not successfully assert a transformative use defense. Notably, No Doubt actually had a licensing agreement with Activision to use its band members’ avatars in conjunction with the digital “performance” of their songs “Don’t Speak” and “Just a Girl,” and participated in a full-day motion capture session at Activision’s studios. The band argued, however, that Activision violated the licensing agreement by including an option by which players could use the No Doubt avatars to play all the songs in the game.

The state court looked at past popular culture examples of transformative uses of celebrity likenesses – both those that were litigated and some that were not – including Andy Warhol’s silkscreens of Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe, a comic book featuring two worms obviously based on the rock star brothers Johnny and Edgar Winter, and a video game with a character based on the singer of the band Deee-Lite (the title of their one hit song may not be in your brain but the groove is in your heart), and found that, in each case, the artists had made transformative use of the celebrity likeness. But, in looking at the use of the No Doubt avatars, the court found there was no transformative use as they were simply playing rock songs, the same activity the No Doubt members did in real life, and thus Activision could not argue that it had created a new, transformative work for which it was entitled to appropriate the band member images. No Doubt and Activision later settled the suit for an undisclosed amount on the eve of trial.

Does Transformative Use Save Take-Two?

Coming back to Lohan’s arguments that the GTA 5 makers violated her rights with the Jonas and Red Bikini Girl characters, we can see that the actress is facing an uphill battle in arguing for a right to publicity claim. Of course, we have to remember that she is suing in New York state court under New York state law and the Noriega and  No Doubt cases were both California state law claims in California state courts, and so the California rulings are not binding on New York. But, the New York and California state causes of actions are substantially similar, and the defendants in the Lohan case will likely be arguing the federal First Amendment defense of transformative use, which was laid out by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1994 in Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, (where the rap group 2 Live Crew defended its use of a sample of Roy Orbison’s “Oh Pretty Woman!”), which is, of course, binding in all 50 states.

Putting this all together, not only will Lohan have to prove that either Jonas or the Red Bikini Girl should be seen as appropriating her likeness, but she will have to argue that the use of her likeness was not transformative. This may be more straightforward with regard to the Red Bikini Girl if Lohan can prove that the likeness is of her, as the character seems to have only been used as a picture to market the game, but may be more difficult for the Jonas character as the game makers do appear to have created a larger world and backstory (thus creating a transformative use) rather than merely using a celebrity image.

At any rate, for any would-be gamemakers or other artists incorporating celebrity likeness, the bottom line is to 1) either get written permission to use the likeness, or 2) make a “transformative use” of the celebrity likeness lest you risk incurring celebrity-sized damages.

Protect Your Intellectual Property


Jeremy Masys is a writer, attorney, and musician living in Los Angeles. He earned his JD at New York University School of Law and attended USC's School of Cinematic Arts as an Annenberg Fellow. Jeremy has practiced white collar defense law in New York and Los Angeles.

Get Business Legal Updates

Please provide your full name.
Please provide a valid email address.
We respect your privacy, and we will never share your information. Unsubscribe at any time.

Related Publications

In case you missed it, Nasir and Zac covered one of the biggest cheating scandals in chess history over a game of chess. Did Nasir win? Or did Zac win? Check out their match on the Pasha Law YouTube channel!

November 4, 2022

Full Podcast Transcript NASIR: Finally, my two favorite worlds have collided – both the law and the chess – right here at Memorial Park in Houston, Texas. Windy day. We have some background noise – ambient noise. What are the two worlds that collided? Well, Hans Neimann has sued Magnus Carlsen for defamation in one…

October 28, 2022

Rachel Williams, the former friend of Anna Sorokin, is suing Netflix for her portrayal on the show, Inventing Anna. Unlike a few of the characters, the producer used Rachel’s real name instead of an alias name. She claims that certain scenes and comments on the show did not occur. It gave the audience the perception that she was only Anna’s friend for the luxury perks such as a $60,000+ hotel stay, lavish hair appointments, and many more. Although Netflix placed a disclaimer at the beginning of every episode that certain events may not be true, Williams received a huge influx of online hate.

September 1, 2022

Netflix is suing two TikTok users for intellectual property infringement. Abigail Barlow and Emily Bear have been found to have created TikTok content that is based on the popular Netflix show, Bridgerton. This content acquired a lot of attention on the social media app, which attracted Netflix. The content creators went on to create an album with Grammy-winning recordings. Eventually, these two artists created the “Unofficial Bridgerton Musical” on broadway which would sell out quickly. Netflix saw the growth and profit that they were making from this and slapped them with a lawsuit.

August 24, 2022

Non-compete agreements are frequently used by employers to prevent employees from joining or working for a rival company. However, non-compete clauses are against the law in California. In this instance, PetSmart added a clause specifying that workers must remain with the company for two years. If they don’t, they’ll have to pay back $5,000 in training costs. Many pet groomers have expressed their feelings of being binded to the company because they are unable to support themselves on the salary they were receiving from PetSmart and lack the resources to pay back the $5,000. As a result, PetSmart is currently the target of a class-action lawsuit.

August 16, 2022

Crave Cookies and Dirty Dough are two new cookie companies that are fighting to establish themselves in the Utah market. Crumbl Cookies, one of the most popular cookie companies recently filed a lawsuit against them. Crumbl Cookies have filed a trademark infringement lawsuit against these businesses claiming they both are copying their logo & packaging. Crumbl Cookies also claimed that the other businesses are attempting to profit off of its reputation and branding. Dirty Dough has responded with their thoughts on this lawsuit on social media but we will just have to wait and see how this one plays out.

August 4, 2022

Johnny Depp is suing his ex-wife, Amber Heard, for allegedly defaming him in a Washington Post op-ed. To prove defamation, you have to prove that a false and defamatory statement of fact (not opinion) about you was made to a third party by someone who knew it was false (or should have known it was false) and causing damage to damage to your reputation. Business owners have to face defamation all the time. Can you prove your case? Can Depp?

May 5, 2022

Kevin Berling didn’t want his former employer, Gravity Diagnostics, to throw him a birthday party as he associated that with a traumatic childhood event. Regardless, one was thrown, and Berling was eventually fired as a result of it. He was awarded $450,000 by a jury.

April 19, 2022

Two independent contract moderators are suing TikTok for negligence in a class-action lawsuit. In the filing, the plaintiffs claim that they were “subjected to extremely traumatic videos and images with no warning, training, or means to cope.” These moderators contend that they suffer from PTSD and other psychological damage from their experience.

March 29, 2022

We all know that the biggest blockbusters bring in the big bucks, but some films such as Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix and Return of the Jedi have worked out to have made no profit. So how is this possible? There is a method called “Hollywood Accounting” that is a creative accounting system used by studios.

March 2, 2022

Cub Club filed a lawsuit against Apple for copyright and trademark infringement after Apple released a set of emojis that looked similar to an idea that Cub Club presented to two of Apple’s software engineers. Apple was accused of copying an idea of the multiracial emojis however, you cannot copyright an idea. The court has said the same and dismissed the lawsuit.

February 24, 2022

A social media influencer, Brittany Dawn Davis, is in hot water with the Attorney General for allegedly deceiving her customers. Davis promotes her health and fitness services as personalized for each individual. However, from a Facebook group that Davis created herself, the customers found out that the services were not personalized at all. Stay tuned as Nasir follows along with this case.

February 9, 2022
Legally Sound Smart Business cover art

Legally Sound Smart Business

A business podcast with a legal twist

Legally Sound Smart Business is a podcast by Pasha Law PC covering different topics in business advice and news with a legal twist with attorneys Nasir Pasha and Matt Staub.
Apple Podcast badge
Google Podcast badge
Spotify Podcast badge

Latest Episodes

November 21, 2023

In this episode, Nasir Pasha and Matt Staub explore the legal implications of Artificial Intelligence in the business world. They delve into the most talked-about issue of 2023: AI and its impact on the legal landscape. Although AI isn’t necessarily a new topic, it has many unanswered questions in the legal world. Nasir and Matt…

July 12, 2023

In this episode, Attorney Nasir Pasha and Attorney Matt Staub delve deep into the complexities of mass layoffs and offer valuable insights, real-life examples, and practical advice to employers grappling with the aftermath of such challenging situations. Nasir and Matt emphasize the critical importance of effective communication when executing mass layoffs. They stress the need…

January 9, 2023

As the COVID-19 pandemic swept across the globe, businesses scrambled to adapt to the new reality it presented. In this blog post, we dive into the case of Goldman Sachs, a financial services giant, to examine their response to the crisis and the lessons other businesses can learn from their return-to-office strategy. From prioritizing employee…

October 28, 2022

Full Podcast Transcript NASIR: Finally, my two favorite worlds have collided – both the law and the chess – right here at Memorial Park in Houston, Texas. Windy day. We have some background noise – ambient noise. What are the two worlds that collided? Well, Hans Neimann has sued Magnus Carlsen for defamation in one…

September 26, 2022

Through a five-round championship bout, Matt travels to Texas from California to determine which state is better for business. Will it be a knockout with a clear winner or will it go to the scorecards?

July 7, 2022

Whether you are buying or selling a business, the transaction goes through the same steps. However, they are viewed from different perspectives. Sellers may not want to fully disclose all the blind spots while Buyers will want otherwise. Nasir and Matt battle it out in this Buyer vs. Seller to determine who has the advantage!…

May 12, 2022

When it comes to Restrictive Covenants, employers are fighting to keep their company safe while employees may use them to their advantage. Keep listening to find out if the Employer or the Employee wins this battle. Round 1: Trade Secrets A company’s trade secrets encompass a whole range of information and are one of the…

February 14, 2022

The Supreme Court rejected the nation’s vaccine mandate. Businesses with 100 or more employees are NOT required to have their employees vaccinated or go through weekly testings. However, this policy remains in effect for health care facilities. In this episode of Legally Sound | Smart Business, the team sat down to discuss their thoughts on this ruling.

December 1, 2021

In this episode of Legally Sound | Smart Business by Pasha Law PC, Nasir and Matt cover the Business of Healthcare. There is more to the healthcare industry than just doctors and nurses. Many Americans have health insurance to cover their yearly needs, but most Americans are not aware of what really goes on behind…

October 12, 2021

In our latest episode, Nasir and Matt are covering the legal issues on Social Media. The average person spends most of their day on social media, whether they are scrolling for hours or publishing their own content. However, just because you publish your own content on Instagram does not equate to you owning that image….

September 28, 2021

What is a Non-Disclosure Agreement, and when do I need one? In this episode, Nasir and Matt shares why you need to use Non-Disclosure Agreements, basic facts about NDA’s, and discuss about the infamous Jenner-Woods story. Having the right Non-Disclosure Agreement in place not only protects you and your business, but it also makes the…

June 16, 2021

Covered in this episode of Legally Sound Smart Business are some typical business mistakes blunders small businesses often make and how to avoid them. Blunder #1: Copying and pasting agreements It may sound like a good idea at the time, but this blunder comes with hidden pitfalls. Having an attorney draft terms that are specific…

February 4, 2021

How you terminate an employee can make the difference between a graceful transition to avoidable negative outcomes like a dramatic exit or even a lawsuit. We gathered a panel of experts and asked them – is there a “right way” to fire an employee? We would like to thank our guests for this episode: Amr…

December 2, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has turned nearly every aspect of life on its head, and that certainly holds true for the business world. In this episode, Matt and Nasir explain how the early days of the pandemic felt like the Wild West and how the shifting legal playing field left a lot open to interpretation and…

November 16, 2020

After plenty of ups and downs, our buyer has finally closed on the purchase of their business. While we’re marking this down in the ‘wins’ column, it never hurts to review the game tape. In this final episode, our hosts, Matt Staub and Nasir Pasha, return to the deal almost a year later to reflect…

September 15, 2020

The ink is drying on the signature line and things are looking great for our buyer. After so much hard work, the finish line is in sight and the cheering within ear shot.   Though the landlord is still serving friction, things seem safe to move forward and for now, our buyer will be keeping…

July 31, 2020

Though things are coming along well, the journey would not be interesting if it was purely smooth sailing. After our buyer opens escrow, they are forced to push the closing date back when suddenly a letter from an attorney was received claiming the business, we are buying has a trade mark on the name!  Now…

June 12, 2020

With frustration at an all-time high and professionalism at an all-time low, our friend the Buyer has “had it” with the Seller and quite frankly their lack of knowledge. At present our Buyer is rightfully concerned that the latest misstep from our loose-lipped Seller will threaten not only the entire operation of the businesses but…

May 11, 2020

As we go deeper into the buying process, we start to uncover more challenges from our seller and encounter some of the wrenches they are tossing our way. When we last left off in episode three our team was knee deep in due diligence for our buyer, had already penned and signed the Letter of…

April 4, 2020

One word–interloper! When a new mysterious broker enters the transaction and starts to kick up dust, Nasir and Matt take the reins. The seller signed off on the letter of intent (see episode 2), yet this “business broker” serves only friction and challenges by refusing to send financials, whilst demanding more of a firm commitment…

April 4, 2020

Just as most stories and deals start out, everyone is optimistic, idealistic and full of hope for clear skies. It’s a perfect outlook with a perfect setup for the ups and downs yet to come. Peek further behind the curtain and into the first steps of buying a business: the letter of intent. After the…

April 4, 2020

When a savvy buyer hears opportunity knocking to purchase a prime positioned business, she decides not to go it alone and taps in the professionals to help navigate what could potentially be a fruitful acquisition. “Behind the Buy” is a truly rare and exclusive peak into the actual process, dangers, pitfalls and achievements, that can…

August 7, 2019

GrubHub is subject to two “matters of controversy” that have likely become common knowledge to business owners: “fake” orders and unfriendly microsites.

May 28, 2019

In this podcast episode, Matt and Nasir breakdown the legal issues of the subscription industry’s business on the internet. Resources A good 50-state survey for data breach notifications as of July 2018. California Auto-Renewal Law (July 2018) Privacy Policies Law by State Why Users of Ashley Madison May Not Sue for Data Breach [e210] Ultimate…

March 12, 2019

In recording this episode’s topic on the business buying process, Matt’s metaphor, in comparing the process to getting married probably went too far, but they do resemble one another. Listen to the episode for legal advice on buying a business.

December 3, 2018

Nasir and Matt return to discuss the different options available to companies looking to raise funds through general solicitation and crowdfunding. They discuss the rules associated with the various offerings under SEC regulations and state laws, as well as more informal arrangements. The two also discuss the intriguing story about a couple who raised over…

July 24, 2018

Flight Sim Labs, a software add-on creator for flight simulators, stepped into a PR disaster and possibly some substantial legal issues when it allegedly included a Trojan horse of sorts as malware to combat pirating of its $100 Airbus A320 software. The hidden test.exe file triggered anti-virus software for good reason as it was actually…

April 17, 2018

Attorneys Matt Staub and Nasir Pasha examine Mark Zuckerberg’s congressional hearings about the state of Facebook. The two also discuss Cambridge Analytica and the series of events that led to the congressional hearings, the former and current versions of Facebook’s Terms of Service, and how businesses should be handling data privacy. Full Podcast Transcript NASIR:…

March 10, 2018

The Trump presidency has led to a major increase in ICE immigration enforcement. It’s critical for business owners to both comply with and know their rights when it comes to an ICE audit or raid. Nasir, Matt, and Pasha Law attorney Karen McConville discuss how businesses can prepare for potential ICE action and how to…

February 5, 2018

New years always bring new laws. Effective January 1, 2018, California has made general contractors jointly liable for the unpaid wages, fringe benefits, and other benefit payments of a subcontractor. Nasir and Matt discuss who the new law applies to and how this affects all tiers in the general contractor-subcontractor relationship. Click here to learn…

January 2, 2018

With a seemingly endless amount of new mattress options becoming available, it is unsurprising that the market has become increasingly aggressive. As companies invest in more innovative solutions to get in front of customers, review sites, blogs and YouTube videos have moved to the forefront of how customers are deciding on their mattresses and how…

December 7, 2017

In recent months explosive amounts of high profile allegations of sexual harassment, assault, and varying acts of inappropriate behavior have transcended every sector of our professional world. With a deluge from Hollywood and politics, and the private workforce, accusations have inundated our feeds and mass media. This harassment watershed has not only been felt within…

November 16, 2017

If you are not familiar with the EB-5 program started in 1990 to give green cards to certain qualified investors in the United States, then you may not have been alone a few years ago. Currently, the EB-5 program has since exploded since its inception and now hits its quotas consistently each year. The program…

October 10, 2017

Government requests come in multiple forms. They can come in as requests for client information or even in the form of investigating your company or your employees. Requests for Client Information General Rule to Follow Without understanding the nuances of criminal and constitutional law and having to cite Supreme Court cases, any government requests for…

August 24, 2017

Nasir and Matt suit up to talk about everything pertaining to employee dress codes. They discuss the Federal laws that govern many rules for employers, as well as state specific nuances in California and other states. The two also emphasize the difficulty in identifyingreligious expression in dress and appearance, how gender-related dress codes have evolved…

June 28, 2017

Nasir and Matt discuss the life cycle of a negative online review. They talk about how businesses should properly respond, how to determine if the review is defamatory, the options available to seek removal of the review, how to identify anonymous reviewers, whether businesses can require clients to agree not to write negative reviews, and…

June 7, 2017

On this episode of the Ultimate Legal Breakdown, Nasir and Mattbreak down social media marketing withguests Tyler Sickmeyer and Kyle Weberof Fidelitas Development. They first discuss contests and promotionsand talk about where social media promotions can go wrong,when businesses are actually running an illegal lottery, and the importance of a soundterms and conditions. Next, they…

April 3, 2017

On this episode of the Ultimate Legal Breakdown, Nasir and Matt go in depth with the subscription box business. They discuss where subscription box companies have gone wrong(4:30), the importance of a specifically tailored terms and conditions(6:30), how to structure return policies (11:45), product liability concerns (14:45),the offensive and defensive side of intellectual property (19:00),…

February 1, 2017

Nasir and Matt discuss the suit against Apple that resultedfrom a car crashed caused by the use of FaceTime while driving. They also discuss howforeseeable use of apps can increase liability for companies. Full Podcast Transcript NASIR: Hi and welcome to Legally Sound Smart Business! I’m Nasir Pasha. MATT: And I’m Matt Staub. Two attorneys…

January 5, 2017

The guys kick in the new year by first discussing Cinnabon’s portrayal of Carrie Fisher as Princess Leia soon after her death, as well as other gaffes involving Prince and David Bowie. They alsotalk about right of publicity claims companies could be held liable for based on using someone’s name or likeness for commercial gain.

December 22, 2016

Nasir and Matt discuss the recent incidentat a Victoria’s Secret store where the store manager kicked out all black women after one black woman was caught shoplifting. They then each present dueling steps businesses should take when employees are accused of harassment.

December 8, 2016

Nasir and Matt return to talk about the different types of clients that may have outstanding invoices and how businesses can convert unpaid bills to getting paid.

November 10, 2016

After a long break, Nasir and Matt are back to discuss a Milwaukee frozen custard stand that is now revising it’s English only policy for employees. The guys also discuss how similar policies could be grounds for discrimination and what employers can do to revise their policies.

October 6, 2016

The guys discuss the new California law that allows actors to request the removal of their date of birth and birthdays on their IMDB page and why they think the law won’t last. They also discuss how age discrimination claims arise for business owner.

September 29, 2016

Nasir and Matt discuss the racial discrimination claims surroundingAirbnb and how it’s handled the situation. They also discuss some practical tips for businesses experiencing similar issues.

September 8, 2016

Nasir and Matt discuss whyAmazon seller accounts are getting suspended and banned without notice and how business owners can rectify this situation through a Corrective Action Plan.

August 25, 2016

Nasir and Matt talk about the accusations surroundingfashion giant Zararipping off the designs of independent artists like Tuesday Bassen and howsmaller companies can battle the industry giants.

August 18, 2016

Nasir and Matt discuss Brave Software’s ad replacing technology that has caught the eye of almost every national newspaper and has a potential copyright infringement claim looming. They also welcome digital marketing expert Matt Michaelree to speak on the specifics of what Brave is attempting to do and whether it has the answers moving forward.

July 28, 2016

Nasir and Matt discuss the sexual harassment lawsuit filed by Gretchen Carlson against Fox CEO Roger Ailes. They also talk aboutthe importance of sexual harassment training and properly handling such allegations in the office.

July 15, 2016

Nasir and Matt talk about the changes at Starbucks that have led to many disgruntled employees and customers.

We represent businesses.
That’s all we do.

Oh, and we love it.

We love our work. We love reviewing that lease for your new location. We thrive on closing that acquisition that nearly fell through. We’re fulfilled when we structure a business to grow, raise capital, and be legally protected.

We focus on developing close relationships with our clients by being like business partners. A partner who provides essential, personalized, proactive legal support.

We do all of this without utilizing the traditional billable hour model. You pay for the value we bring, not the time spent on calls, emails, and meetings.

Our team is made up of attorneys and staff that share these values and we are retained by clients who want the same.

Pasha Law PC operates in the states of California, Illinois, New York, and Texas.

Meet Our Team

Fractional General Counsel Services

Pasha Law Select offers the expertise of a high-end general counsel legal team for every aspect of your business at a fixed monthly rate. Pasha Law Select is deliberately designed to allow our legal team to be proactive, to anticipate, and to be comprehensive in serving our clients. To be great lawyers, we need to know our clients. We can’t know our clients unless we represent a select number of clients in the long-term. This is Pasha Law Select.

Learn More